Nozette and Nuclear Rocketry

Stewart D. Nozette, who was arrested and charged this week under the Espionage Act, is an unusually gifted and accomplished technologist.  The allegation that he provided classified information to an FBI agent posing as an Israeli intelligence officer in exchange for cash is distressing on several levels.

Among other things, Nozette had exceptionally broad access to a range of classified programs in defense, space and nuclear technology.  According to an FBI affidavit (pdf), Nozette stated that he “held a DOE Q clearance from 1990-2000, which involved insight into all aspects of nuclear weapons programs.  Held TS/SI/TK/B/G clearance 1998-2006,… Held at least 20+ SAP [special access program clearances]… from 1998-2004.”

In fact, however, Nozette’s participation in Department of Defense special access programs dates back even earlier, to 1990 or so.  At that time he was read into an unacknowledged special access program called Timber Wind (pdf), which was an effort by the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization to develop a rocket engine powered by a nuclear reactor.  Dr. Nozette’s name appears on a Timber Wind master access list we obtained which identified the several hundred persons who were authorized to be briefed on that nuclear rocket program.

The discovery of the hyper-classified Timber Wind program was an inspiration for the FAS Project on Government Secrecy, since we considered it a compelling instance of classification abuse.  On a number of occasions I asked Dr. Nozette about the program, but he was always quite scrupulous about rebuffing my inquiries.

Timber Wind was canceled shortly after it became public, and other nuclear rocket initiatives likewise faded away in the 1990s, as the effort to develop nuclear rocketry for military or civilian applications surged and then collapsed, leaving behind only a bunch of good stories.

An idiosyncratic new memoir (pdf) by Tony Zuppero, one of the would-be nuclear rocketeers, tells those stories as he recalls them, with sometimes alarming candor, humor, and disappointment.  Dr. Zuppero had his own concept of a nuclear rocket that would open a path for human expansion into the solar system.  But, he laments, “after all the effort, all the visions, I got old instead of making it happen.”

Dr. Nozette, myself and the Federation of American Scientists make a few cameo appearances in Dr. Zuppero’s new memoir, entitled “To Inhabit the Solar System”.

No Responses to “Nozette and Nuclear Rocketry”

  1. Anthony Zuppero October 29, 2009 at 11:52 PM #

    Hi Steve, Thank you for the favorable reference to me in your blog… My “memoir” inadvertently got indexed by Google and Bing, and all the outrageous, politically insensitive things I say, as you say, with “alarming candor,” all became public. I said good things, I thought, about you and FAS. I enjoyed the brief interactions with you long ago, during the nuclear rocket days.

    I guess that the open and clear aggressiveness of the Star Wars Team of “Crazy Roger” really did have some high adrenaline people, like Stu. Stu must have been doing mild drugs to become that naive. The disheveled picture of him says “drugs.”

    Unsettled question: why did the FBI sting him? He was not a spy before that, and he was a nobody. Is the sting a message from the Obama team regarding Israel?

    cheers, Anthony

  2. Tangurena November 1, 2009 at 8:08 PM #

    Anthony, he pleaded guilty earlier this year to overbilling NASA to the tune of $265K and then bragging to a colleague that he’d flee to India or Israel if it looked like he was going to spend time in jail.

    Washington Post article:


  1. Scientist Stewart Nozette Pleads Guilty to Attempted Espionage | Secrecy News - September 8, 2011

    [...] was he oblivious to security.  How and why he changed has not been explained.  See, relatedly, “Nozette and Nuclear Rocketry,” Secrecy News, October 22, 2009. {"lang":"en-US"}Email [...]

  2. Scientist Nozette Called Brilliant, Greedy Traitor | Secrecy News - March 13, 2012

    [...] Nozette, whom I knew slightly years ago, “has a profound intellectual gift. One need only walk steps away from the [...]